WATER TREATMENT: ENSURING ACCESS TO CLEAN WATER AND PREVENTING POLLUTION OF RIVERS AND SEAS. Water treatment is any process that improves the quality of water so that it is appropriate for a specific end use. The end use can be drinking water, industrial water supply, irrigation, maintaining river flow, aquatic recreation, or many other uses, including safe return to the environment. Water treatment removes contaminants and unwanted components, or reduces their concentration so that the water is suitable for the desired end use.
This treatment is crucial to human health and allows humans to benefit from both the use of the beverage and from irrigation. We consider wastewater treatment as a use of water because it is very interconnected with other uses of water. Much of the water used by homes, industries and businesses must be treated before it is returned to the environment. Water treatment helps remove contaminants and hazardous substances from water, making it clean and safe to drink and use for other purposes.
Unfortunately, nearly 2 billion people around the world use untreated drinking water or obtain water from unsafe or contaminated sources. Having systems to improve water quality helps to intervene in these situations and to prevent unsafe incidents caused by water, such as diseases and deaths transmitted by water. Sustainable water management is one of today's biggest challenges. The Earth's growing population is skyrocketing, as is the demand for water for personal, industrial and agricultural use.
Impurities in water, such as algae, fungi, bacteria and microbes, can pose serious threats to both human health and the environment, as well as to the safety and efficiency of industrial processes. Water purification, wastewater conservation and treatment are processes that are currently being implemented to ensure an adequate and optimized use of water. These processes also play a crucial role in minimizing resource consumption and costs when used in industry. Water treatment technology, facilities and systems must always be kept under control, inspected and maintained.
For example, water treatment in the food and beverage sector of the hospitality industry is crucial for ingredient water used in food processing. Water is the most crucial compound for life on Earth, and drinking water is a key global concern for the 21st century. Water treatment refers to the process of improving the quality of water for the purpose of serving an end use. Ability to dissolve in water three times more efficiently than chlorine, resulting in a by-product that is much less likely to pass into the air, preventing the formation of chemical odors.
As water passes through the hypogeal layer, particles of matter are trapped in the mucilaginous matrix and soluble organic material is adsorbed. Depending on the stage or stage of the water treatment process, various chemicals are used to filter, disinfect and desalinate water. Bromine dissociates in water to form hypobromous acid (HBrO), which has powerful disinfectant properties, due to its ability to kill the cells of many pathogens. Diodorus Siculus, 1939, History Library, Volume III, Loeb Classical Library, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, UK EPA, 2000, The History of Drinking Water Treatment, Environmental Protection Agency, Water Office (460), fact sheet EPA-816-F-00-006, United States.
The measures taken to ensure water quality not only relate to water treatment, but also to its transport and distribution after treatment. The end use of treated water dictates the quality monitoring technologies needed, and the skills available locally often dictate the level of automation adopted. In most cases, water treatment plants are responsible for collecting, treating, and distributing water supplies, whether for residential, commercial, or industrial uses. On the other hand, water treatment is also useful to ensure that water is re-introduced into the natural cycle.
Its complexity can vary, from simply adding a disinfectant tablet to a hiker's water bottle to complex, multi-stage processes that take place by boat or plane to disaster areas. .